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 the history of egyptian language

اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
snow white



عدد الرسائل : 141
رقم العضوية : 17
تاريخ التسجيل : 13/12/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: the history of egyptian language   الثلاثاء ديسمبر 16, 2008 1:33 pm

Short History of the Egyptian Language
The ancient Egyptians devised a writing system to record their spoken language over 60 centuries ago. The first application seems to have been the calendar. The system started by giving each word a symbol, called hieroglyph. This convention was of course doomed because of the tremendous vocabulary it would have generated. Out of such ideas they took some of these hieroglyphs and associated a sound value to them which, when combined together, would spell out the spoken word. The sound values of such characters depended mostly on the pronunciation of the word that it denoted in the early stage. Thus the hieroglyph for mouth, pronounced 'ro' became the sound 'r' in the new system. About 130 hieroglyphs have been identified as voiced characters. Some represented a single sound, others a two-character sound, and some a three-character sound. Many more hieroglyphs were added to represent the idea or to enhance the meaning of the word. These are commonly referred to as 'ideograms' and they brought the number of identified hieroglyphs to over 4,000. This script, popularly called hieroglyphic, was both beautifully drawn as well colorfully painted. It was used for inscription on Egyptian monuments as well as a variety of written texts on papyrus.
In parallel with the development of the hieroglyphic script, a second script came to light. Such script was a mere simplification of the artistic, and sometimes laborious, hieroglyphic. It was originally devised by the priests to record the records of the temples and then became a tool of the government servants, educated by the learned priests, who used it to record the affairs of the state. Due to the priestly origin of the script the name 'hieretic' was popularly affixed to it. This script used the same symbols, drawn in a simplified way. There is no indication that script had as many ideograms as the hieroglyphic had.
With the decline of the state such a cumbersome writing method became impossible to preserve it as is. So in the fifth century BC. a new script was devised that was both simpler to write and included about ten percent of the total number of hieroglyphs used previously. This new script came to be referred to as 'Demotic'. The cursive, and relatively ugly appearance of characters, in comparison to the hieroglyphic, was compensated for by its relative compactness. Many written records were preserved in that script but they dared not inscribe it on temple walls.
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
أحمد خطاب
مدير عام المنتدى
أحمد خطاب

عدد الرسائل : 12
رقم العضوية : 2
تاريخ التسجيل : 09/12/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: So nice Snow White   الثلاثاء ديسمبر 16, 2008 6:18 pm



Your first words in this section are so nice and so comprehensive

Please, go on

greetings

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
snow white



عدد الرسائل : 141
رقم العضوية : 17
تاريخ التسجيل : 13/12/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: the history of egyptian language   الأحد ديسمبر 21, 2008 11:10 pm

thanks mr ahmed
i will do my best to introduce good work
and that is all because of your instructions to me
as i am one of your students
i am waiting for your excellent work
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
Admin
مدير عام المنتدى


عدد الرسائل : 7
تاريخ التسجيل : 09/12/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: Welcome to.....   الإثنين ديسمبر 22, 2008 12:29 am

[[center]color=blue]Hi, everyone

You can find
more things on English Language, training and skills, besides satellite matters in this link

http://ahmedkatab.mam9.com

Best wishes[/color]
[/center]
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو http://toukhdss.yoo7.com
اشرف

اشرف

عدد الرسائل : 72
رقم العضوية : 9
تاريخ التسجيل : 11/12/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: the history of egyptian language   الخميس يناير 22, 2009 9:54 pm

Thanks to this valuable information and we are waiting for more

farao santa Very Happy cat Basketball Arrow afro
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
adham

adham

عدد الرسائل : 193
العمر : 25
الموقع : طوخ
رقم العضوية : 36
من مواضيعي : أجمل الألعاب
اللوح المحفوظ
أجزاء spiderman

تاريخ التسجيل : 31/12/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: the history of egyptian language   الأحد يناير 25, 2009 9:20 pm

i think i recognize this tone but i'm not sure santa santa
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
 
the history of egyptian language
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