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 The location of egypt and how it influences on its civilization. (part3

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تاريخ التسجيل : 13/12/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: The location of egypt and how it influences on its civilization. (part3   الإثنين فبراير 16, 2009 1:08 am

The flood

- thesource of the nile came frome lake victoria and with the summer rains caused

- the nile flood it lasted frome the end of may to the beginning of september .

- each flood made afresh layer of silt over the land and this builtup the rich fertile soil of the river flood plain .

- the egyptian made canals and dykes to preserve water ,tried to increase the cultivated area by fostering second or third crops within ayear in small plot.

- The only tool for irrigation in pharaonic times was the shaduf.

- This can be used to water asmall garden plot next to acanal.

- The first advance in irrigationtecnology came in ptolemic times with the water wheel"saqya" in arabic.

- There is no evidence that central government took measures to improve agriculture and it seems that field networks have fallen exclusively to local manpower.

- The flood changed the appearance and borders of each field, only boundary markers could secure property.

The crops

-the main crops were barley and emmer,wheat didnot become prevalent until the late period when egypt was Romane state.

-the farming year followed the nile cycle with three seasons of four months.

- the rise of flood waters marked the new year it is connected with the rise of the dog star "sirius" in advance of the sun at dawn.

- during the flood the season called" akhet" perhaps meaning "time of inundation" from july to October .

after the flood came the "peret" "time of emergence" from november to february the plouphing season .

- final season was "shemu"meaning"harvest" from march to june.

- From the grain they extracted bread and beer"bouza".

- they cultivated garden produce beans,onion,cucumbers,fruits like dom-palm fruit, figs

they gathered hony and dates ,produce oil like olive oil.

They planted papyrus and flax which provided the material from which linen was manufactured

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The location of egypt and how it influences on its civilization. (part3
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 مواضيع مماثلة
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» هيئة فولبرايت http://www.fulbright-egypt.org
» Only In Egypt
» u.a.e location map
» كل ما تريده من UCMAS
» Les pyramides d'Egypt

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